Winter in Vojvodina

 

Published in CorD Magazine
Photo by: D. Zamurovic, D. Bosnic (from The NtoS)


The northern part of the Republic of Serbia is the territory of the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina, with a continental climate of extremely hot summers and cold, snowy winters. During the winter one can visit several interesting events in Vojvodina, as well as the year round tourist destinations such as the monasteries of Fruška Gora (Hopovo, Grgeteg, and Krušedol), which have a special idyllic atmosphere during the winter, or the wine cellars of winemakers from Karlovac (Živanovi?, Kiš, Dulka etc.) which add young wines to their usual offerings during this period. Granges and village households (Salaš 137, Salaš 84, Etno-Eko ku?a ?erevi? etc.) are also very popular during the summer as well as during the winter, and it is precisely because of the different ambience brought on by the different seasons that these sites are popular with tourists throughout the year. At the granges one can try homemade food and beverages, exactly like the ones our grandmas and grandpas use to make in the old days, from homemade stuffed cabbage rolls, poppy seed and walnut strudels to homemade wine and brandy that keep us warm during the cold winter days. The offer also includes rides in the horse driven basanke (winter carriage), which is an unforgettable experience for young and old alike.
Vojvodina has a long tradition of hunting, and winter is the perfect time for all those enthusiasts and first-timers who would like to get to know that aspect of the Province’s touristic offerings at one of our hunting grounds.
 
Novi Sad

The people of Novi Sad are intensely proud of their city, and with good reason. Often compared to Belgrade, it has a similar charm, culture, and nightlife to the capital, but on a smaller, more personal scale. For those who appreciate art, music, food and fun, but prefer a laid back city that is less frenetic than Belgrade (which has been called the city that sleeps less than New York!) Novi Sad is a perfect combination of urban sophistication and bohemian relaxation. Novi Sad draws visitors from all over the world to the EXIT music festival. Arguably the hippest of Eastern European summer music festivals, each year in July Novi Sad becomes a playground for free spirits and anyone who loves music.
Novi Sad, which has been called "a haven of tranquility and tolerance," is one of the more multi-ethnic cities in Serbia, and is situated on the plains of Vojvodina in the north. The quaint centre of the city sprawls along the banks of The Danube, above which, on volcanic rock, perches the Petrovaradin Fortress. Dating back some 600 years, and beseiged by the Tartars, the Turks and the Croats (to name a few), the fortress has a wonderful view of the city. Its labyrinthine construction is complete with alleys, bulwarks, trenches, gates, and underground passages and tunnels to explore.

Sremski Karlovci

With many preserved buildings important to Serbian religious, cultural and political life in the 18th and 19th centuries, the city of Sremski Karlovci is an excellent day-trip from Belgrade (under 1 hour) and Novi Sad (15 minutes). The oldest buildings in the town centre date from the end of the 17th century and beginning of the 18th century, when in 1713 the center of the Serbian Orthodox church was moved to Karlovci and many new structures were added.
Just after the noteworthy Peace Treaty of Karlovci was signed in 1699, work on the Chapel of Peace was started. The chapel, unchanged in appearance though reconstructed in 1817, takes its round shape and four separate entrances in recognition of the famous peace negotiations that took place here. Construction on the large Congregation Church, with its massive baroque towers, started in the mid-18th century under the leadership of Metropolitan Pavle Nenadovi?. Its masterful baroque iconostasis was painted by Teodor Kra?un and Jakov Orfelin. The most monumental building in Karlovci is the Patriarchy Court, built between 1892 and 1895 by the architect Vladimir Nikoli?, and influenced by Historicist, Renaissance and Baroque styles.  

Fruška Gora

The mountain's name derives from the old Serbian name for the Frankish people: Fruzi (sing. Frug; adj. Fruški). The full translation of "Fruška Gora" would be "the Frankish Mountain". It received this name due to its function as a natural border during Frankish campaigns. During the time of the Roman Empire, its name was Alma Mons ("Fertile Mount").
The Fruska Gora National Park sits on the lone mountain that rises up from the Vojvodina plains in the north of Serbia. Fruska Gora was proclaimed a National Park in 1960.
The mountain, with a height of 539 meters at its peak, stretches east to west, touching the Danube River at the historic city of Sremski Karlovci, where its administrative offices are located. The distinctive character of this 22,000 hectare park comes from its grouping of linden trees, the greatest concentration in Europe, as well as from the over 700 species of medicinal herbs that grow here in its forests.
The higher sections of Fruska Gora consist of thick forests, whereas the lower valleys of the mountain contain orchards and centuries-old vineyards. Fruska Gora hides 16 orthodox monasteries famous for their specific architecture, treasuries, libraries and frescoes and numerous archeological sites from prehistoric and historic times as well.
Wine tasting at the many vineyards located here is also a popular activity. The park has many picnic areas and offers many opportunities for hiking, biking, hunting and fishing.
Fruska Gora is easily accessible from Belgrade (1 hour) and Novi Sad (30 minutes) and has many facilities for tourists. The baroque city of Sremski Karlovci, on the edge of the park, was the 18th century spiritual, political and educational center of the Serbs and has many museums and historical buildings.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ludaš Lake

Serbia's second largest lake, Ludaš, 4 kilometres long with an area of 387 hectares, is located in North Vojvodina, on the contact point of the geographic entities of the Subotica-Horgos sands and the Middle Backa loess plateau, 12 kilometres east of Subotica.
Ludas lake is particularly known for its bird-watching, having been registered as a swamp area of international significance. Here you can find the reddish and yellow herons, the bittern, the water rail, the small water rooster, the kingfisher, the blue throat thrush, the white and marsh titmouse and the moustached warbler.
The lake bed was formed here approximately one million years ago as winds hollowed its basin out, preventing water drainage between sand dunes. This has provided it with many species of plants and animals. Coastal vegetation is preserved at the mouth of the Kiresa River, where beautiful flowers, including orchids and irises, bloom during summer months. Several types of fish and amphibians are plentiful in its waters.

Sirmium

Once a capital in the Roman Empire, the ancient city of Sirmium sits beneath the present-day city of Sremska Mitrovica on the south side of Fruška Gora Mountain on the Sava River. Sirmium, one of the empire's four capital cities, is believed to have been founded by Illyrians in the middle of the 3rd century B.C.
Between the 4th and 1st centuries BC, Sirmium became an administrative center in the Roman province of Panonia Secunda and was periodically an emperor's residence and a powerful military outpost used in defense against barbaric tribes. In the middle of the 1st century, Sirmium was given the highest rank - Colony - and its territory was expanded to include many other settlements in the area. The city was later attacked by the barbarian tribes of the Goths, Huns and Gepids, and was finally emptied of its population and burnt to the ground in an Avar attack.
Extensive archeological excavation has been conducted here, uncovering and cataloging 74 structures in the city. Sirmium was once a spacious city surrounded by walls and trenches, enclosing an emperor's palace, public bath, hippodrome, necropolis, granary and trade and crafts center. The high-quality mosaics, frescoes and sculptures are evidence of the city's importance and work there by some of the empire's best artists and craftsmen.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EMBROIDERY AND FOLK COSTUME

In folk embroidery, especially in the mountain regions, much of the style was taken from the art of upper classes, and later eastern and middle European influence was incorporated to give the distinctive patterns that are so recognisable today.  
In Vojvodina, white and golden embroidery are predominant in examples of folk embroidery, but it is possible to find bright, multicoloured patterns as well. For the women, vests in the Moravian cultural region usually incorporate big floral designs, usually in red and black, while in the Dinaric regions embroidered garments usually use more varied colours in darker shades. In the regions where cattle breeding is the major form of employment the women's vests are decorated on the bosoms and on the skirts with multicoloured designs. In Kosovar embroidery, especially on the women's vests, one can see elements of Byzantine and Serbian medieval styling.
Decoration can usually be found on the bosom, sleeves, skirts, scarves and caps. Men's folk dresses in the past were very simple, made of more rough cloth. From the 19th century onward they became more and more decorated with stripes, especially the waistcoats. The shoes developed leather stripe crossings and the socks had multicoloured patterns added.

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